Brahea edulis

Family: Arecaceae    Palm Tree

Common Name: Guadalupe Palm

Scientific Synonymy:
Erythea edulis

Cold Hardiness Zone: 9a     View the UK and US zone maps

Brahea edulis Information

A solitary, massive, drought tolerant, salt-tolerant, slow growing, monoecious palm. Rare in cultivation, critically endangered in the wild. It has a rough, grey-brown trunk, 10.7 m. (35 ft.) tall, 35.6 cm. (14 inch) diameter with spaced ring leaf scars, and huge partially segmented, palmate (fan) leaves, 1.8 m. (6 ft.) long, 1.8 m. (6 ft.) wide, light green above and beneath.

The palm is similar in appearance to Brahea armata but can be distinguished from other Brahea species because it does not have a skirt of persistent dead leaves, or leaf petioles. The large fan-shaped leaves usually have an indentation along the midrib. This palm flowers from February to March with black fruits (25 to 35 mm across) forming in summer.

Brahea edulis can survive freezing temperatures to about -6.5°C (20.3°F), but freezing is best avoided. This species naturally occurs on islands in moist forest, and is heavily effected by the surrounding sea temperatures, which are constant and often form sea mist and cloud. In this type of natural environment temperature fluctuations are slight, and this palm prefers a constantly mild climate with little temperature difference between day & night, and Summer & Winter. Under extreme freezing conditions we recommend you keep this palm as dry as possible, and well wrapped up.

General Information:
The Guadalupe palm is endemic to Guadalupe Island where it occurs primarily on the north end of the island on steep rocky slopes. Guadalupe Island is located in the Pacific Ocean off of central Baja California. The palm is highly endangered on its native habitat on Guadalupe Island, as it has been severely impacted by feral goats that have inhabited the island for decades. Few, if any, of the seedlings survive because they are eaten by the goats. Protection of the native habitat and exclusion of the goats might allow the palms to flourish in large numbers on the island once more. This palm has proved to be surprisingly hardy grown in the British Isles and young plants have pulled through several winter totally undamaged.


Native to, Mexico

Endemic to the volcanic desert island of Guadalupe off the northwestern coast of Baja California, where it grows mostly in canyon bottoms but also on slopes. The species is in critical danger of extinction in the wild due to its small natural range and the grazing of wild goats that ere introduced to the island.

Location: Guadalupe Island, Mexico. (29.090828°N, -118.316231°E)

Map may not represent the complete natural distribution. (Markers display observation data).

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